Antlia n : a faint constellation in the southern hemisphere near Hydra and Vela
EtymologyFrom (antlia) "bilge-water, filth" < (antleo) "to bale out bilge-water, to bale the ship, to draw water"
References[http://books.google.com.au/books?q=antlia&id=CVz_Jvp4DGEC&vid=ISBN0807855200&dq=antlia+-star%2C+-constellation%2C+-proboscis%2C+-galaxy&ie=UTF-8&num=100] Rome, the Greek World, and the East: Volume 2: Government, Society, and Culture in the Roman Empire by Fergus Millar Page 136
- To the list of functions mentioned by Pliny nothing can be added except (probably) that of working a treadmill (antlia): Artemidorus in the ...
[http://books.google.com.au/books?ie=UTF-8&vid=ISBN0766161315&id=UTQFn2O41UIC&num=100&pg=RA1-PA205&lpg=RA1-PA205&dq=antlia+-star,+-constellation,+-proboscis,+-galaxy&sig=jCrgz-GZjH5CTH8dmeXMdqNKxxs] Romanae Historiae 1658 by Thomas Godwyn
Antlia (, lang-la pump, from Ancient Greek: ἀντλία - antlia, "bilge-water, filth") is a relatively new constellation as it was only created in the 18th century, being too faint to be acknowledged by the ancient Greeks. The IAU adopted it as one of the 88 modern constellations. Beginning at the north, Antlia is surrounded by the sea snake Hydra, the compass Pyxis, the sails (Vela) of the mythological ship Argo and finally the centaur Centaurus.
Notable featuresAntlia is a faint constellation void of bright stars. The brightest star is α Antliae, a magnitude 4.25m orange giant.
Notable deep sky objects
- NGC 2997: Spiral galaxy of type Sc which is inclined 45° to our line of sight.
- NGC 3132: Planetary nebula, also called Eight-burst Nebula or Southern Ring Nebula. At its heart is a binary star system.
- Antlia Dwarf: This 14.8m dwarf spheroidal galaxy belongs to our Local Group of galaxies. It was only discovered as recently as 1997.
HistoryThe French astronomer Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille created 14 constellations for the southern sky to fill some star-poor regions, among them Antlia. It was originally denominated Antlia pneumatica and commemorated the air pump invented by the French physicist Denis Papin.
There is no mythology attached to Antlia as Lacaille discontinued the tradition of giving names from mythology to constellations and instead chose mostly names of instruments used in science.
- Ian Ridpath and Wil Tirion (2007). Stars and Planets Guide, Collins, London. ISBN 978-0007251209. Princeton University Press, Princeton. ISBN 978-0691135564.
antlia in Arabic: مفرغة الهواء (كوكبة)
antlia in Belarusian: Сузор'е Насос
antlia in Bulgarian: Помпа (съзвездие)
antlia in Catalan: Màquina Pneumàtica (constel·lació)
antlia in Czech: Souhvězdí Vývěvy
antlia in Corsican: Antlia
antlia in Danish: Luftpumpen
antlia in German: Luftpumpe (Sternbild)
antlia in Modern Greek (1453-): Αντλία (αστερισμός)
antlia in Spanish: Antlia
antlia in Esperanto: Pumpilo (konstelacio)
antlia in Persian: تلمبه (صورت فلکی)
antlia in French: Machine pneumatique
antlia in Irish: An tAerchaidéal
antlia in Galician: Antlia
antlia in Korean: 공기펌프자리
antlia in Croatian: Zračna pumpa (zviježđe)
antlia in Indonesian: Antlia
antlia in Italian: Macchina Pneumatica (costellazione)
antlia in Latin: Antlia (sidus)
antlia in Latvian: Sūknis (zvaigznājs)
antlia in Luxembourgish: Antlia (Stärebild)
antlia in Lithuanian: Siurblys (astronomija)
antlia in Hungarian: Légszivattyú csillagkép
antlia in Dutch: Luchtpomp (sterrenbeeld)
antlia in Japanese: ポンプ座
antlia in Norwegian Nynorsk: Luftpumpa
antlia in Polish: Pompa (gwiazdozbiór)
antlia in Portuguese: Antlia
antlia in Romanian: Maşina Pneumatică (constelaţie)
antlia in Russian: Насос (созвездие)
antlia in Simple English: Antlia
antlia in Slovak: Súhvezdie Výveva
antlia in Finnish: Ilmapumppu (tähdistö)
antlia in Swedish: Luftpumpen
antlia in Thai: กลุ่มดาวเครื่องสูบลม
antlia in Vietnamese: Tức Đồng
antlia in Turkish: Antlia (takımyıldız)
antlia in Ukrainian: Насос (сузір'я)
antlia in Chinese: 唧筒座